Oceansat-2 Satellite Successfully Launched By PSLV-C14

In its sixteenth flight conducted from Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) SHAR, Sriharikota yesterday(September 23, 2009), ISRO's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, PSLV-C14 successfully launched the 960 kg Indian remote sensing satellite Oceansat-2 and six nano satellites for international customers into a polar Sun Synchronous Orbit (SSO). This was the fifteenth successful flight of PSLV.
PSLV-C14 Launches Oceansat-2
After a 51 hour count down, PSLV-C14 lifted off from the first launch pad at SDSC SHAR, at 11:51 am IST with the ignition of the core first stage. The important flight events included the separation of the first stage, ignition of the second stage, separation of the payload fairing at about 125 km altitude after the vehicle had cleared the dense atmosphere, second stage separation, third stage ignition, third stage separation, fourth stage ignition and fourth stage cut-off.
The 960 kg main payload, Oceansat-2, was the first satellite to be injected into orbit at 1081 seconds after lift-off at an altitude of 728 km. About 45 seconds later, four of the six nano satellites were separated in sequence. The initial signals indicate normal health of the satellites.
Oceansat-2 is the sixteenth remote sensing satellite of India. The state-of-the-art Oceansat-2 carries three payloads and has the shape of a cuboid with two solar panels projecting from its sides.
The eight band Ocean Colour Monitor (OCM) payload carried by Oceansat-2 images a swath (strip of land or ocean) of 1420 km width with a resolution of 360 metre and works in the Visible and Near Infrared region of the electromagnetic spectrum. The Ku-band Scatterometer with a 1 metre diameter antenna rotating at 20 rpm, works at a frequency of 13.515 GHz. The Scatterometer covers a swath of 1400 km and operates continuously. ROSA is a GPS Receiver for atmospheric sounding by radio occultation built by Italian Space Agency (ASI).
Soon after separation from PSLV fourth stage, the two solar panels of OCEANSAT-2 were automatically deployed. The satellite's health is continuously monitored from the ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command Networks (ISTRAC) Spacecraft Control Centre at Bangalore with the help of a network of ground stations at Bangalore, Lucknow, Mauritius, Biak in Indonesia and Svalbard and Tromso in Norway as well as a station in Troll, Antarctica.
PSLV-C14 mission carried six nano satellites - Cubesat 1, 2, 3 and 4 as well as Rubin 9.1 and 9.2 - as auxiliary payloads along with Oceansat - 2. The weight of these nano satellites was in 2-8 kg range. Oceansat - 2 and the six auxiliary payloads were placed in a polar Sun Synchronous Orbit inclined at an angle of 98.28 degree to the equator.
The auxiliary payloads of PSLV-C14 are educational satellites from European Universities and are intended to test new technologies. After the separation of Oceansat - 2 from PSLV - C14, the four cubesats were also separated, while Rubin 9.1 and 9.2 remain permanently remain attached to the upper stage of PSLV-C14.
The 44.4 metre (147 ft) tall PSLV - C14 weighed 230 tons at lift-off. PSLV - C14 is the core alone version of PSLV which is the same as PSLV standard configuration except for the strap-on motors. Six such strap-ons surround the first stage of PSLV standard configuration, but are absent in core alone version. PSLV-C14 was the fifth core alone mission of PSLV.
PSLV - C14 had four stages using solid and liquid propulsion systems alternately. The first stage, carrying 139 tonne of propellant, is one of the largest solid propellent boosters in the world. The second stage carried 41.5 tonne of liquid propellant. The third stage used 7.6 tonne of solid propellant and the fourth had a twin engine configuration with 2.5 tonne of liquid propellent.
This was the sixteenth mission of ISROs workhorse launch vehicle PSLV and its fifteenth consecutive success. From October 1994 onwards, PSLV has repeatedly proved its reliability, robust design and versatility by launching satellites into polar Sun Synchronous, Geosynchronous Transfer, Low Earth and Highly Elliptical Orbits. Of the 39 satellites launched by PSLV so far, 17 have been Indian and the rest being satellites from abroad. During many of its missions, including todays PSLV-C14, PSLV has launched multiple satellites into orbit with the maximum number being 10 during PSLV-C9 mission in April 2008.

Today ICC Champions Trophy 2009 Begins

The one-day ICC Champions Trophy starts on Tuesday in South Africa with the future of the 50-over format under the microscope. ICC Champions Trophy 2009 World stars past and present and officials have joined a fierce debate as the overwhelming success of the Indian Premier League-led Twenty20 version has left many querying the role of the ODI in an overcrowded schedule.

Indian batting superstar Sachin Tendulkar favours a four-innings format of 25 overs each to minimise the advantage of winning the toss and former star Anil Kumble supports a reduction to 40 overs.

Others like Australian bowling legend Shane Warne want the ODI format scrapped, believing it has been rendered extinct by the spectator-friendly glitz and glamour of Twenty20 cricket.

But ICC chief executive Haroon Lorgat says reports of the death of ODI have been greatly exaggerated and the Champions Trophy tournament will trigger a rebirth of 50-over cricket.

"It reminds me of a year ago when people were talking about the death of Test cricket, with no crowds being there and so on," Lorgat told the South African media.

"I think we are running ahead of ourselves. We will see at the Champions Trophy in South Africa that there is a place for the ODI format in international cricket."

Lorgat warned against obsessive tinkering, saying a glut of ODI fixtures rather than the format may be the biggest problem, a view backed by South Africa skipper Graeme Smith.

"From an innovations point of view, we are always looking for new, exciting things. The batting powerplay is a good example, but we do not want to do too many things too quickly."

After an 11-year identity crisis, Lorgat believes the ICC have discovered the right formula for the often-criticised Champions Trophy, which Warne has labelled a "joke".

Short and sharp are the buzzwords for a 14-day, 15-match ODI feast featuring the top eight nations in the world, including defending champions Australia, who are on a roll as they lead England 6-0 in a series ending Sunday.

India, Pakistan and the West Indies complete Group A with South Africa, Sri Lanka, England and New Zealand in Group B and only the 'Windies' are given no chance as a contract row has forced officials to send a second-string squad.

Skippers Floyd Reifer of the West Indies, Kumar Sangakkara of Sri Lanka and Daniel Vettori of New Zealand consider Australia favourites to win the October 5 final and collect the two-million-dollar top prize.

Smith acknowledged Australia have been performing well in England, but said the Proteas were confident of regaining the Champions Trophy after winning the inaugural tournament in Bangladesh 11 years ago.

The eight teams are based in Johannesburg with games at the 30,000-capacity Wanderers stadium in a plush northern suburb of the South African financial capital and the 20,000-seat SuperSport Park in Centurion.

Sports Events Calendar - September 2009

BASKETBALL: Sep 7-20 Poland: European Championship Finals
FOOTBALL: Sep 9 World Cup qualifiers
CRICKET: Sep 9 Third ODI, Southampton: England v Australia
GOLF: Sep 10-13 Cologne: Mercedes-Benz Championship
GOLF: Sep 10-13 Illinois: USPGA Tour play-offs

CRICKET: Sep 12 Fourth ODI, Lord's: England v Australia
RUGBY UNION: Sep 12 Tri-Nations Series: New Zealand v S Africa
SPEEDWAY: Sep 12 Krsko: Slovenian Grand Prix
ATHLETICS: Sep 12-13 Salonika: IAAF World Athletics final

GOLF: Sep 12-13 Pennsylvania: Walker Cup
CYCLING: Sep 12-19 Tour of Britain
MOTOR RACING: Sep 13 Italian Grand Prix
MOTOR CYCLING: Sep 13 Croft: British Superbikes
TENNIS: Sep 14-20 Quebec City: ATP Bell Challenge

TENNIS: Sep 14-20 Guangzhou: WTA Guangzhou International Open
TENNIS: Sep 18-20 Davis Cup semi-finals
CRICKET: Sep 15 Fifth ODI, Trent Bridge: England v Australia
CRICKET: Sep 17 Sixth ODI, Trent Bridge: England v Australia
GOLF: Sep 17-20 British Masters

GOLF: Sep 17-20 Georgia: USPGA Tour play-offs
GOLF: Sep 17-20 Samsung World Championship
DARTS: Sep 18-20 Bridlington: BDO British Open
RUGBY UNION: Sep 19 Tri-Nations Series: New Zealand v Australia
ATHLETICS: Sep 19-20 Talence: IAAF combined events

ATHLETICS: Sep 20 BUPA Great North Run
ATHLETICS: Sep 20 Berlin Marathon
CRICKET: Sep 20 Seventh ODI, Chester-le-St: England v Australia
MOTOR RACING: Sep 20 Rockingham: British Touring Cars
MOTOR CYCLING: Sep 20 Hungary: MotoGP

TENNIS: Sep 21-27 Metz: ATP Moselle Open
TENNIS: Sep 21-27 Bucharest: ATP BCR Open
TENNIS: Sep 21-27 Seoul: WTA Hansol Korea Open
TENNIS: Sep 21-27 Tashkent: WTA Tashkent Open

CRICKET: Sep 24-Oct 5 ICC Champions Trophy
GOLF: Sep 24-27 Canal+ Open
GOLF: Sep 24-27 Malaga: Volvo World Match Play Championship
GOLF: Sep 24-27 California: Longs Drugs Challenge
SPEEDWAY: Sep 26 Terenzano: Italian Grand Prix

MOTOR RACING: Sep 27 Singapore Grand Prix
MOTOR CYCLING: Sep 27 Silverstone: British Superbikes
MOTOR CYCLING: Sep 27 Italy: World Superbikes
TENNIS: Sep 27-Oct 3 Tokyo: Toray Pan Pacific Open
TENNIS: Sep 28-Oct 4 Bangkok: ATP Thailand Open
TENNIS: Sep 28-Oct 4 Tokyo: WTA Toray Pan Pacific Open

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